When working in the mines, miners have to wear helmets with a light source to help them see. In this collection, the primary lamps seen are carbide lamps. Carbide lamps don’t emit carbon dioxide and have a light source equivalent to around 4-6 candles. Miners had to refill their lamps every four hours or it would burn out. These lamps were most popular until the 1930s.
Before Carbide lamps, miners would wear Sunshine Lamps. These lamps had an open flame that emitted from the top of their helmets. These lamps primarily burned Sunshine Wax, made by the Standard Oil Company. Sunshine wax was made with normal wax paraffin and a small amount of mineral oil mixed in. Sunshine lamps could burn other fuels such as lard or fish oil, but they were designed to burn Sunshine Wax.
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