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Music

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How to cite music scores

Citing Music Scores


(Taken from Indiana University's FAQ-Footnotes and FAQ-Bibliographic Citations)

Footnote:


Composer First name Last name, Title of Work, Publisher number* (Place of publication**: Publisher, Year)

ex: Wolfgang Rihm, O, meine Seele war ein Wald: Lied auf einen Text von Else Lasker-Schuler für Mezzosopran, Alt, Harfe, Viola, Violoncello und Kontrabass, UE 30 206 (Vienna: Universal Edition, 1994).



 

Bibliographic list:


Composer Last name, First name. Title of Work. Publisher number*. Place of publication**: Publisher, Year.

ex: Rihm, Wolfgang.  O, meine Seele war ein Wald: Lied auf einen Text von Else Lasker-Schuler für Mezzosopran, Alt, Harfe, Viola, Violoncello und Kontrabass, 1994.  UE 30 206.  Vienna: Universal Edition, 1994.


*Publisher number (or plate number) helps to distinguish the edition. It's usually found on the bottom of each page.

**Only use state if city is not well-known. For foreign cities, use the English form.

How to cite sound recordings

Citing Sound Recordings

Taken from Indiana University's FAQ-Footnotes and FAQ-Bibliographic Citations

Footnote:


Composer First name Last name, Title of Work, Performer First name Last name (Place of publication: Record Label [followed by] CD identifying number, Year), format

ex: Igor Stravinsky, The Rite of Spring; Petrushka, New York Philharmonic conducted by Leonard Bernstein (New York: Sony Classical SMK 47629, 1993), compact disc.

If there is more than one composer/work, name the first composer listed and include all others as part of the title:

ex: Bernard Rands, Ceremonial for Symphonic Wind Band; John Harbison, Olympic Dances; William Kraft, Concerto for Four Solo Percussion & Wind Ensemble; Karel Husa, Les couleurs fauves; New England Conservatory Wind Ensemble directed by Frank L. Battisti (Albany, NY: Albany Records TROY340, 1999), compact disc.


 

Bibliographic list:


Composer Last name, First name. Title of Work. Performer(s) First name Last name. Place of publication: Record Label [followed by] CD identifying number. Format. Year.

ex:Stravinsky, Igor.  The Rite of Spring; Petrushka.  New York Philharmonic conducted by Leonard Bernstein.  New York: Sony Classical SMK 47629, 1993.  Compact disc.

More than one composer/work:

ex: Rands, Bernard.  Ceremonial for Symphonic Wind Band; Olympic Dances, by John Harbison; Concerto for Four Solo Percussion & Wind Ensemble, by William Kraft; Les couleurs fauves, by Karel Husa.  New England Conservatory Wind Ensemble directed by Frank L. Battisti.  Albany, NY: Albany Records TROY340, 1999.  Compact disc.

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