Fake News: Fake News vs Quality Journalism

How to sort fact from fiction: Evaluating sources for trustworthiness

Terms Associated with "Fake News"

"Alternative facts" - According to the Merriam-Webster Dictionary, “a fact is a piece of information presented as having objective reality," and alternative means “offering or expressing a choice.” Putting these two words together is problematic because of the implication that there can be multiple “objective realities” from which people can choose instead of just one, true reality.

Bias - "A preference or an inclination, especially one that inhibits impartial judgment."

Born digital - "Of a document, created and stored in a digital format and not existing in hard copy."

Clickbait - "(On the Internet) content whose main purpose is to attract attention and encourage visitors to click on a link to a particular web page."

Confirmation bias - "The tendency to seek and interpret information that confirms existing beliefs."

Echo chamber - "Mainstreaming ideological effect in which a group worldview is reinforced through continual circulation amongst like-minded people."

Filter bubble - "Phenomenon whereby the ideological perspectives of internet users are reinforced as a result of the selective algorithmic tailoring of search engine results to individual users."

Parody - "Consists of mocking a style of literary production through an exaggerated imitation."

Post-truth - "Relating to or denoting circumstances in which objective facts are less influential in shaping public opinion than appeals to emotion and personal belief."

Satire - The use of humor, irony, and exaggeration to ridicule a subject, often a politician.

Definitions from:  https://www.merriam-webster.com/

News Quality Evaluation

This news quality chart, created by patent lawyer Vanessa Otero, shows that all major media outlets have some level of bias.  Depending on where they fall, they may present a more liberal or conservative take on a news story.  For more information about her reasoning, check out her blog post at All Generalizations are False

Alternative Facts

Journalism Guidelines

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