"Alternative facts" - According to the Merriam-Webster Dictionary, “a fact is a piece of information presented as having objective reality," and alternative means “offering or expressing a choice.” Putting these two words together is problematic because of the implication that there can be multiple “objective realities” from which people can choose instead of just one, true reality.
Bias - "A preference or an inclination, especially one that inhibits impartial judgment."
Born digital - "Of a document, created and stored in a digital format and not existing in hard copy."
Clickbait - "(On the Internet) content whose main purpose is to attract attention and encourage visitors to click on a link to a particular web page."
Confirmation bias - "The tendency to seek and interpret information that confirms existing beliefs."
Echo chamber - "Mainstreaming ideological effect in which a group worldview is reinforced through continual circulation amongst like-minded people."
Filter bubble - "Phenomenon whereby the ideological perspectives of internet users are reinforced as a result of the selective algorithmic tailoring of search engine results to individual users."
Parody - "Consists of mocking a style of literary production through an exaggerated imitation."
Post-truth - "Relating to or denoting circumstances in which objective facts are less influential in shaping public opinion than appeals to emotion and personal belief."
Satire - The use of humor, irony, and exaggeration to ridicule a subject, often a politician.
Definitions from: https://www.merriam-webster.com/
This news quality chart, created by patent lawyer Vanessa Otero, shows that all major media outlets have some level of bias. Depending on where they fall, they may present a more liberal or conservative take on a news story. For more information about her reasoning, check out her blog post at All Generalizations are False
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