Italy Fast Facts
Predominantly Mediterranean;Alpine in far north; hot, dry in south.
Italian (official); German, French,Slovene and several other languages also spoken in Italy
|Currency:||1 Euro = 100 cents|
Anniversary of the Republic is 2 June (1946),Liberation Day (WWII) is 25 April
Italy Overview via CountryWatch Database
Located in Southern Europe, Italy is a peninsula extending into the central Mediterranean Sea, northeast of the North African country of Tunisia. The countries surrounding Italy in Europe include Switzerland, Slovenia, Austria, and France. The countries San Marino and the Holy See (Vatican City) are surrounded by Italy.
Italy became a nation-state in 1861 when Victor Emmanuel II, the king of Sardinia, united the regional states of the peninsula, along with Sardinia and Sicily. By 1871, the Italian nation state included the entire peninsula with Rome as the capital.
Today, Italy must deal with persistent problems such as illegal immigration, organized crime, corruption, high unemployment, sluggish economic growth, and the low incomes and technical standards of southern Italy compared with the prosperous north.